RDP Server Software and How To Understand It

RDP Server Software

Microsoft Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) server software allows the Microsoft Remote Desktop Services (RDS) role in Windows Server operating systems to communicate with the RDS Client. Microsoft RDS role can be enabled on most editions of Windows Server. With Microsoft RDP server protocol, IT administrators can provide encrypted remote access to hosted desktops and applications on the server when using Microsoft RDS.

Here we will discuss how to enhance Microsoft RDP server performance through the straightforward, all-inclusive virtualization provided by Parallels® Remote Application Server (RAS).

Remote desktop services roles

Deploying RDS involves many components (roles). The roles you choose largely depends on how you want to deliver RDS to the end-user. These roles include:

1. Remote desktop session host

RDSH is a back-end server that holds desktops and session-based apps that you share with users. Users can access these apps and desktop via remote desktop clients that run on macOS, Windows, iOS, Android—including any HTML5-compliant browser. You can pool RDSHs into collections and configure properties such as session settings, load balancing, and user groups. This way, you control how the apps and desktops get accessed in the organization. For example, you can create a specific user group and only allow users designated to the group to access particular applications and desktops.

2. Remote Desktop Connection Broker

The remote desktop connection broker (RDCB) connects and reconnects users to their apps and desktops on RDP server farms. When making new connections, RDCB can load-balance requests to RDSH servers in session collections. If a session disconnects, RDCB automatically reconnects the user to the correct RDSH server and its interrupted session.

3. Remote desktop gateway

The remote desktop gateway (RDG) securely connects endpoints to remote apps and desktops on the RDSH servers over the public internet. It allows users to access their
desktops and apps on an internal network via a single public IP address and port. To enhance security, RDG authenticates users’ requests before granting them access to the published resources.

You can use RDG to enforce connection authorization policies (CAPs) that limits how users connect to the RDSH servers. For example, you can specify authentication requirements such as multi-factor authentication (MFA) and enable or disable device redirection in the CAP.

4. Remote desktop web access

The remote desktop web access (RDWA) allows users to access apps and desktops via a web portal. RDWA uses the hypertext transfer protocol secure (HTTPS) to encrypt the communication channel between client devices and the RDSH servers.

When connected, the RDWA launches resources through the endpoint’s remote desktop client application. You can leverage RDWA to publish resources to both Windows and non-Windows endpoints

5. Remote desktop licensing

The remote desktop licensing (RDL) manages the licenses that users require to connect to RDSH servers hosting tenant desktops and apps. An organization requires sufficient subscriber access licenses (SALs) to allow all unique authorized users that sign into the RDP servers each month.

Microsoft RDS Limitations

RDP serverSince the release of Windows Server 2008 R2 OS, Microsoft refers to RDP server software as Microsoft RDS. Although it seems inexpensive, Microsoft RDS as a standalone delivery solution hides sunk costs in the tedious and time-consuming management.

In fact, configuring and running a standalone Microsoft RDS environment is a complex task. It requires the installation of various components and the skills of highly qualified professionals with knowledge of virtualization. In addition, Microsoft RDS does not provide users with a seamless experience while accessing resources on mobile devices, Mac®, Linux, Chromebook, or thin clients. 

RDP Server – Parallels RAS Overcomes the Limitations

Parallels RAS is a comprehensive, easy-to-use virtualization solution. Via a proprietary protocol and Microsoft RDP, it brokers the connection between RDSH applications and desktops to client devices. Parallels RAS streamlines the configuration, deployment, and management of Microsoft RDS by Microsoft PowerShell API and configuration wizards. Additionally, several mission-critical features—such as gateways, servers, smart load balancing, and printing redirection—come ready to use out of the box.  

Future of RDP Server

The future is the cloud. The case is the same as the RDP server. The future of RDP lies in making it available in the cloud, and Microsoft has managed to do just that.

Windows Virtual Desktop from Microsoft is a set of technologies, that allows the creation of virtual desktops in the cloud solution Azure.

Windows Virtual Desktop (WVD) gives employees access to a virtualized desktop environment on Azure. Hence, IT departments can host multiple Windows 10 desktops on the same hardware. The future of RDP Server is the cloud, but that is not the only usability of the WVD:

WVD service recommends the usage of FSLogix profile containers as a user profile. FSLogix is a combination of solutions that simplifies, enables, and enhances Windows computing environments. They are appropriate for both public and private virtual environments and include solutions like profile container, application masking, java version control and application masking. With FSLogix solutions you can:

It is evident from the introduction of WVD and the new features being introduced now and then, that virtual desktop’s future lies in the cloud. A virtual desktop is not limited to being a way to access resources on end devices but is surely set to be integrated with the capabilities of role-based access, profile management, active directory management, imaging, etc.

Platform and Device Independent User Experience

Parallels® Remote Application Server (RAS) provides an intuitive, consistent, and user-friendly experience on any device. It offers native clients across a wide range of desktop and mobile operating systems, including Windows, Linux, MacOS, Android, and iOS. Parallels RAS also provides HTML5 web access via compatible browsers such as Chrome, Firefox, and Safari.

Parallels Client, as the Parallels native client for various devices is called, supports native gestures and multitasking for the best mobile desktop experience. The Parallels Clients for Windows and HTML5 web browsers are also fully customizable for white-labelling purposes. With its full support for Samsung Desktop Experience (DeX), users can turn their Samsung smartphones into full-fledged workstations.

Parallels RAS Universal Printing allows users to print from any device utilizing local printers, and without needing to install additional printer drivers. Parallels RAS adapts applications to fit entire screens, making for easier user interactions. It provides extended drag-and-drop functionality between servers and clients and supports multiple monitors out of the box. Local drive redirection capability means users can choose to keep their work locally and RemoteFX USB redirection enables local services to be used even while working on remote applications.

Ultra-fast logins and smart-load balancing are enabled by default on Parallels RAS. For routine tasks, administrators can configure quick keys on virtual keyboards to make user interaction even easier. This functionality is extended to the Chrome OS, allowing Windows-specific keyboard actions to be configured for Chrome, making life easier for Chromebook users.

Test Parallels RAS in your RDS environment by downloading the free trial.

 

References 

Connecting to Your Windows Instance 

How to Use Remote Desktop 

What Is RDP/VPN and How to Use It 

How to Set Up and Use Remote Desktop for Windows 10 

TS RemoteApp Step-by-Step Guide 

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