How to Improve VDI Storage Distribution Speed and Cost with Parallels RAS

An appropriate storage selection is one of the key factors to consider when planning to deploy or optimize Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) solutions. Central repositories are often used as VDI storage solutions when working with templates and cloning techniques; however, hypervisors themselves often have enough local storage to allocate virtual machines (VMs). This blog post describes how Parallels® Remote Application Server (RAS) introduces a user-friendly wizard to configure template replication among the local storage of multiple Microsoft Hyper-V providers easily.

Why Is VDI Storage an Essential Factor for VDI Performance?

Selecting the right storage solution is essential when it comes to guaranteeing optimal performance of your VDI infrastructure. When choosing storage, the input/output operations per second (IOPS) value is a key indicator to be considered, since it measures how fast read/write access is made to the disk. Additionally, IOPS has an impact on other crucial aspects, including the time it takes for a template to be cloned or a virtual machine to start up and run applications.

Apart from storage, other important factors also need to be considered:

Why Should You Use Template Distribution to Local Storage?

Distribution to local storage provides organizations a cost-effective alternative to well-known and expensive central repositories such as the storage area network (SAN). Physical nodes typically use solid-state drive (SSD) disks, which enhances performance in terms of disk read/write access. In addition, isolating VDI or Remote Desktop Session Host (RDSH) workloads onto local storage while leaving other services in central repositories prevents any performance cross interference.

What Are the Prerequisites for VDI Template Distribution to Local Storage?

The prerequisites for using the template distribution functionality provided by Parallels RAS are listed below:

How Do You Configure VDI Template Distribution to Local Storage?

For this example, we will use two standalone Windows 2016 Hyper-V Servers: H01.RASLAB.lab and HV02.RASLAB.lab. We will create a virtual machine named W10Master in HVM01 and replicate it automatically to HVM02 using the template distribution functionality provided by Parallels RAS.

Configure VDI

Kerberos Authentication and Delegations in Active Directory

To enable Kerberos authentication and configure the appropriate delegations in Active Directory:

  1. Go to Hyper-V Settings for the host machines. Click on Advanced Features under Live Migration. Choose the Use Kerberos option under Authentication protocol.

Advanced Features

  1. Go to Active Directory Users and Computers. For each Hyper-V host server, click on the Delegation tab and click on Trust this computer for delegation to specified services only,and Use Kerberos only. Then enable delegation for both cifs and the Microsoft Virtual System Migration Service for all servers you want to migrate to and from.

Note: If authentication isn’t working, try changing the Use any authentication protocol option.

Trust this computer for delegation to specified services

VDI Template Distribution

Templates are used to automate the creation and deployment of guest VMs in Parallels RAS. To enable and configure VDI template distribution, follow the steps shown below:

  1. Open the Parallels RAS Console.
  1. Select the Templates tab in the VDI section.
  1. Click on the Add option from the Tasks drop-down menu, and select a machine from the Virtual Guests List.
  1. Complete the Type, Check Agent, General and Additional pages of the wizard according to your needs.
  1. Configure the template distribution settings on the Distribution page.

VDI Template Distribution

  1. Click Next.
  1. Continue with the Advanced, Preparation, Optimization, License Keys and Summary pages of the wizard.
  1. Click on the Finish button.

Once you have finished the Create Parallels Template Wizard, click on the Templates tab to monitor the template distribution status.

The template replication status is displayed within the Distribution column and may contain the following values:

Templates tab, choose Properties and then select the Distribution tab.

The Enable multi-provider template distribution setting cannot be modified, selected or cleared once the template is created. If later you decide to turn it on or off (enable or disable the feature), you will need to delete and recreate the entire template. However, you can also add or remove a VDI provider to/from a distribution list at any time using the Template Properties dialog. To open the dialog, right-click on a template from the VDI > Templates tab, choose Properties and then select the Distribution tab.

VDI Infrastructure Optimization with Parallels RAS

Parallels RAS provides administrators the capability to manage a single template and replicate it to the local storage of distinct VDI Microsoft Hyper-V providers, thus optimizing resource usage and avoiding the maintenance and management of multiple templates.

The Parallels RAS automated image optimization feature includes more than 130 built-in, pre-configured optimizations to provide organizations an efficient and streamlined delivery for virtual applications and desktops while optimizing resource performance and ensuring an enhanced user experience.

Need further information? Please get in touch.