Why Should an Organization Have a Security Operations Center?

Security operations centerA security operations center (SOC) allows organizations to maintain an active, around-the-clock defensive posture against security threats. Using the variety of tools at their disposal, experts manning the SOC can identify and stop threats before they gain a foothold inside your network. This makes the SOC an essential component in any organization.

What Does a Security Operations Center Do?

Organizations are under constant threat from bad actors. With an SOC, they can proactively secure the company from external threats through identification and analysis of everything that is going on in the immediate environment. However, if not properly set up and without stakeholder support, SOCs can fail to secure your enterprise. Moreover, SOCs need to evolve constantly in the face of an ever-changing threat environment.

An SOC is responsible for:

To implement an SOC, start by drafting a clear-cut security policy so that everyone in the organization knows what its responsibilities are and how that is different from your help desk’s, and other teams’ responsibilities within your organization. While the help desk handles issues encountered by users in their normal day-to-day work, the SOC is responsible for maintaining the security of the entire organization.

Once a security policy is in place, you can start securing your infrastructure through firewalls, antivirus software, endpoint protection systems, and intrusion detection systems, if you do not have them deployed organization-wide yet. Aside from these essentials, you will need to add other tools specifically designed specifically to manage threats.

Apart from processes and technologies, it is important to staff the SOC with people who know how to monitor for and analyze potential threats continuously. The typical SOC’s manpower includes the following:

SOC staff can be divided into three roles, namely:

The SOC manager and other high-level officers within the SOC can be thought of as tier 4 support, with overall responsibility for all security incidents, large or small.

Make it a policy to hire only the best-qualified people for your SOC. Also institute training programs to ensure that SOC staff are up to date in their skills. In this regard, coordinate with human resources (HR) closely.

What Are the Benefits of Having a Security Operations Center?

A major selling point for having an SOC is the early detection of threats by active, round-the-clock monitoring done by trained personnel. Timely response means that potential damage arising from attacks is minimized, if not prevented totally. Not only is extensive damage to the company infrastructure averted, but also potentially substantial losses arising from unplanned downtime are avoided. Thus, faster resolution of security incidents means lower losses arising from business disruption.

Other benefits include a:

Which Types of Security Operations Center Can Be Adopted?

The traditional SOC is housed in a physical facility and staffed with experts tasked with analyzing and monitoring security systems. Before, only larger organizations had SOCs. Today, smaller organizations are now adopting SOCs in response to growing numbers of threats from everywhere.

SOCs are expensive to set up and maintain, requiring a high initial investment in terms of operations and staff. Maintenance costs are also not trivial. In addition, organizational maturity plays a role when deciding on the type of SOC for your organization.

Common types of SOCs include the following:

Which Tools Are Required in a Security Operations Center?

Firewalls, antivirus software, endpoint protection systems, and intrusion detection systems serve to block hostile attacks at the initial stages, helping prevent threats from entering your network.

In addition, other types of software are required to automate security operations, analyze threats and manage incident response. These include the following:

How Can Parallels RAS Help Reinforce Security?

Parallels® Remote Application Server (RAS) offers a wide array of security and monitoring tools for organizations operating in multi-cloud environments. Parallels RAS allows desktop and application delivery from a central location and reinforces security via multifactor and smart card authentication. Parallels RAS can restrict access to network resources based on user-defined granular filters and supports Secure Socket Layer (SSL) and Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 140-2 protocol encryption in compliance with GDPR, HIPAA and PCI DSS. Moreover, Parallels RAS provides visual and intuitive reports that provide insights about users, Active Directory (AD) groups, devices, servers and application activities within your network.

Get started with Parallels RAS by downloading the trial.


References

EC-Council

Exabeam

McAfee

Wikipedia